While many human foods are perfectly safe for dogs to eat, some are very unhealthy and downright dangerous. It is critical to know which fruits and vegetables you can feed your dog so you can ensure their safety as they digest differently than humans do. Eating the wrong foods can lead to long-term health problems and, in extreme cases, even death. As carnivores, dogs have no real need for fruits and vegetables as part of their diet but giving them the occasional fruit or veggie as a treat is perfectly fine.
Read on to find out which fruits and vegetables are alright for sharing and which should be avoided.
Fruits You can Share with Your Pup
Apples - Apples are a great source of vitamins A, C, and fiber. Feed your pet apples in moderation and remove the core and seeds first, as they contain cyanide.
Bananas - Bananas are a great low-calorie treat and they’re high in potassium, vitamins, biotin, fiber, and copper. Since they are high in sugar, they should only be given as a treat.
Blueberries - Blueberries are a superfood rich in antioxidants, which prevent cell damage in humans and canines alike. They’re packed with fiber and phytochemicals as well.
Cantaloupe - Cantaloupe is packed with nutrients, low in calories, and a great source of water and fiber. It is high in sugar so it should be given in moderation.
Mango - Mangoes are packed with vitamins A, B6, C and E and also contain potassium, beta-carotene, and alpha-carotene. Be sure to remove the pit as it contains small amounts of cyanide.
Oranges – Oranges are an excellent source of vitamin C, potassium, and fiber, and make a great treat in small quantities. Be sure you do not feed your dog the peel or seeds.
Peaches – Small amounts of fresh cut-up peaches are a great source of fiber and vitamin A and can even help fight infections. Be sure to remove the pit as similar to apples, it also contains cyanide.
Pears – Pears are high in copper, vitamins C and K, and fiber. Just be sure to cut pears into bite-size chunks and remove the pit and seeds first, as the seeds contain traces of cyanide.
Pineapple - Pineapple is full of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. It also contains bromelain, an enzyme that makes it easier for dogs to absorb proteins. A few chunks of pineapple make a great sweet treat for dogs, as long as the skin is removed first.
Raspberries - In moderation, raspberries are fine to feed your dog. They are low in sugar and calories, but high in fiber, manganese, and vitamin C. Raspberries are especially good for senior dogs because they have anti-inflammatory properties.
Strawberries - Strawberries are full of fiber and vitamin C. They also contain an enzyme that can help whiten your dog’s teeth. They are high in sugar though, so be sure to give them in moderation.
Watermelon – Watermelon is safe for dogs as long as the rind and seeds are removed first, as they can cause intestinal blockage. Watermelon is full of vitamin A, B-6, and C, as well as potassium.
Vegetables You can Share with Your Pup
Broccoli – In small quantities, broccoli is safe for dogs to eat as it is high in fiber and vitamin C but low in fat. However, broccoli contains isothiocyanates, which can cause gastric irritation in some dogs. Furthermore, broccoli stalks have been known to cause obstruction in the esophagus.
Carrots - Carrots are an excellent low-calorie snack that is high in fiber and beta-carotene, which produces vitamin A. Plus, crunching on this orange veggie is great for your dog’s teeth.
Celery - In addition to vitamins A, B, and C, celery contains the nutrients needed to promote a healthy heart and even fight cancer. Celery is also known to help freshen up dog breath.
Cucumbers - Cucumbers are especially good for overweight dogs, as they hold little to no carbohydrates, fats, or oils and they can even boost energy levels. They’re full of vitamins K, C, and B1, as well as potassium, copper, magnesium, and biotin.
Green Beans - All types of green beans are safe for dogs to eat, as long as they are plain including chopped, steamed, raw, or canned. Green beans are full of vitamins and minerals and are also full of fiber and low in calories.
Potatoes – It is fine to give your dog plain potatoes every now and then, but only if they’re cooked, as raw potatoes can be rough on the stomach. A washed, peeled, plain boiled, or baked potato contains lots of iron.
Spinach - Yes, dogs can eat spinach, but it's not one of the vegetables you'll want to be frequently sharing with your dog. It is high in oxalic acid, which blocks the body’s ability to absorb calcium and can lead to kidney damage.
Fruits and Veggies to Avoid Giving Your Dog
The following foods are hard to digest, toxic, contain cyanide or other substances and should not be fed to your dog.
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